These come at the end of a chunk of instruction and measure what students have learned. Examples include tests, final exams, performance tasks, culminating projects, and work portfolios. Summative assessments usually “count” – students are graded on them.

Primary Users Teachers, supervisors, program planners, policy makers
Reasons for Assessing Document individual achievement of standards-based learning targets; measure achievement status at a point in time for purposes of reporting; grading, advancement, graduation
Focus of Assessment Standards; benchmark indicators
Driving Priority Accountability
Place in Time Event after learning
Teacher’s Role Design/select and administer quality assessments to ensure accurate information; use results to inform students if learning targets were met; interpret results for parents; track results for grading and reporting purposes
Student’s Role Take responsibility for learning through study, inquiry, and seeking support; complete assessments with quality; strive for the highest score


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Individual Assessment in Group Work

Assessment of Collaborative Learning Project Outcomes
How can I assess group work?
Practical PBL: The Ongoing Challenges of Assessment

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