Peer Feedback

How to Provide Feedback

Source: Improving Peer Feedback with Critique. The Learning Soy. Feb 2013.

Kind but Honest

  • “Focus on the work not the student”
  • “Depersonalise comments by avoiding statements like ‘you haven’t … and rephrasing as ‘it should have…’ ‘
  • “Phrasing advice in the form of a question can make it much easier to hear and then act on”


  • “Students should take the trouble to explain why their advice is helpful by adding a ‘so that’”


  • “The more precise feedback is, the easier it is to act on.”
  • “Zoom in on details and offer specific advice for improving these.”:
    • “Can you think of some alternatives for the word ‘weird’?”
    • Can you think of something else the writer might have meant by the word ‘cold’?”


Improving Student Critique

To get high quality feedback from students takes time and effort.

Stage 1: Guided Critique
Teacher models the critique process by focusing on a small number of students. Ask all members of the class to take turn and offer critique so everyone has a say.
Discuss whether comments are according to critique protocol.

Stage 2: Gallery Critique
Students share drafts for a peer to look at using kind, helpful and specific critique.
Give warning before these types of feedback so students can be ready.
If some students are reluctant, after two or more sessions they start to see the point as the clear benefits to other students begin to show.
Give students critique partners that they will benefit from.

Stage 3: Informal Critique
Ask the class to offer critique at various points during lessons and walk around to monitor.

To get high quality feedback from students takes time and effort.


Managing Difficult Situations

  • Less able student offering critique to more able student: 
    • Gallery Critique with the weak student as a critique assistant to the teacher
    • Point out how and why you are critiquing
    • Provide some support forms to help the critique
    • Indicate how weak student might emulate good work
  • Poorly behaved, demotivated students:
    • Wait for them to be ready while pointing out individually how they are missing the class culture that is being missed
  • Higher ability students struggling to take advice from others:
    • Model accepting criticism
    • Affirm feedback from the other students
    • Make sure the “so that”part of the critique is well articulated so the high ability student can see the point
    • Students with a fixed mindset should learn a growth approach to feedback
  • Student has done “everything”and others cannot see what to critique:
    • As a teacher, set the expectations high enough for all students so they can make mistakes and learn


MUST watch video on peer critique. Let’s learn from the young ones!

Quality Comment – Peer Feedback

From Ceramics class blog post on Creative Coil Project Analysis

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Evolution of Peer Feedback on a Blog

(sample from Middle School)


Quarter 1  Quarter 4
 Replies started very brief usually saying “I agree … “followed by a short statement




 By April, students were making thoughtful comments and replying to each other, so a conversation emerged and the comments became more elaborate.




This is a simplified rubric to serve as a guideline. The topics shown on the rubric are guidelines for what we should be looking for.
Then you can adapt to create your own rubric. Check also the other rubric links below as a reference.

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Other blog comments rubrics:
Silvia Tolisano’s Rubric
Andrew Church’s Rubric